I Corinthians 15:20-28; " But at this moment the Messiah stands risen from the dead, the first one offered in the harvest of those who have died. For since death came through a man, the resurrection of the dead also came through a man. For as in Adam all die, so also in the Messiah will all be made alive. However, this will happen to each person in the proper order: first the Messiah, then those who belong to the Messiah when he comes. Then the end will come, when after he has done away with every ruler and every authority and power, the Messiah hands over the kingdom to God the Father. For he must rule until God puts all the Messiah's enemies under his feet. The last enemy to be done away with is death, for "God has put everything under his feet." Now when he says, "Everything has been put under him," this clearly excludes the one who put everything under him. But when everything has been put under him, then the Son himself will also become subject to the one who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all." (ISV) (Bold emphasis mine)
These scriptures have caused a considerable amount of dialogue and confusion for over two thousand years. The dialogue has been over the statement that “Messiah hands over the kingdom to God the Father”, and “the Son Himself will also become subject to the one who put everything under him, so that God may be all in all.” For some these scriptures seem to be alluding to the fact that Yeshua (Jesus) is a lesser god than God the Father, or that Yeshua is not God, or yet, that Yeshua and God the Father or not the same, and that Yeshua will put Himself under God the Father one day and will be subject (lesser god) to the Father from henceforth and forever more.
I would like to offer what I consider a foundational teaching at this point, which I hope will help to explain these scriptures in the proper context.
To begin, we must go back to the beginning.
In the beginning God created human beings (male and female) and He called them “Adam”. Adam means “human being”.
Genesis 5:1-2; “This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him; male and female created he them, and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.” (KJV)
The first human beings were made in YHVH's image and were without sin. Then they fell because of disobedience and sin entered the world. The results of that sin brought death. Since that time, death has reigned over the world, not only with human beings but with all of creation.
Genesis 1:17 - “So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.” (KJV)
Romans 5:12 - “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:” (KJV) The Greek word for “man” in this scripture is anthropos which means “human being.” It is equivalent to the Hebrew word adam. Hence, in the beginning God called both male and female adam; then it took both the male and female to be disobedient before sin would have entered the world, and it would take both the male and female species to reverse the curse of the fall. Both the male and female will now play a part in the restoration. This precise teaching falls outside the scope of this lesson. I hope to explore this topic in future teachings.
Because of their disobedience (sin), we ALL must face death. EVERY HUMAN BEING ever born and every human being that will ever be born, in this age, will face death because of the sin of the first Adam. Therefore, man lives in slavery to the fact of death. We CANNOT, WE HAVE NO MEANS by which to overcome death!
Hebrews 9:27 - “And inasmuch as it is appointed unto men once to die, and after this cometh judgment;” (ASV)
Hebrews 2:15 - “and might free those who were slaves all their lives because they were terrified by death.” (ISV)
Romans 6:23 - “For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in union with the Messiah Jesus our Lord.” (ISV)
What will be the LAST enemy that is destroyed? DEATH !
1Corinthians 15:26 - “The last enemy that shall be abolished is death.” (ASV)
At what point will this enemy be destroyed?
Rev 20:11-15 “And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat upon it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them. And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne; and books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it; and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works. And death and Hades were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death, even the lake of fire. And if any was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire.” (ASV)
This enemy (death and the grave) will not be destroyed until Yeshua has defeated all of His enemies, until He has made all things subject to Himself. Just after we read these scriptures we find that the Re-Newed Heaven and the Re-Newed Earth come down out of Heaven. It is at this point that all things have been restored as in the beginning. Notice that the Re-Newed Heaven and the Re-Newed Earth cannot exist until all things have been put under Yeshua's feet.
When Adam (male and female) sinned human beings lost many things but two of the most important were:
...they lost the ability to now pro-create in the perfect image of God.
...they lost the ability to have supreme authority over all of creation.
After the fall, man no longer pro-created in the image of God but he pro-created in a fallen, sinful nature. In Genesis 5:3 we read: “After Adam had lived 130 years, he fathered a son just like him, that is, according to his own likeness, and named him Seth.” (ISV) (bold emphasis added by me) After the fall, mankind begot mankind in their own fallen, sinful nature. This curse from sin needed to be reversed.
Adam and Eve understood from the very beginning that a “son” would be born that would reverse the curse of their sin. They understood this from the words spoken over Eve by God, after the fall. In Genesis 3:16 we read: “Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy conception; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.” (ASV) This scripture does not mean what it has been traditionally taught to mean. It is much deeper. Its discussion is outside of this lesson. Suffice to say that they understood it to mean that “a woman” would bear “a male child” that would reverse their sinful, fallen state. When Eve bore Cain, they thought he was the one. This is also known from the words that she spoke over him. (When studied in Hebrew) However, when Cain turned out not to be the one, they thought Seth was the one at his birth. (Again, by the words spoken over him at birth). Seth was not the one either even though “the one” will come from him.
Ever since this statement to the woman was made over Eve, Hebrew women have anticipated giving birth to the Messiah, the one that would reverse the curse.
Mankind was the crown of creation. In Genesis 1:28 we read: “God blessed these humans by saying to them, "Be fruitful, multiply, fill the earth, and subdue it! Be masters over the fish in the ocean, the birds that fly, and every living thing that crawls on the earth!" (ISV)