Updated: Jun 1, 2021
God has always had two witnesses. Even though we could trace this back to the beginning with Adam and Eve, in this study we will focus from the point of Moses and Aaron forward, mentioning only a few examples.
First there was Moses and Aaron. Moses represented YHVH's civil and moral authority by which mankind was to live, and Aaron represented the priesthood authority, or the means by which mankind could approach unto a Holy God.
We also have Joshua and Caleb. Joshua was from the tribe of Ephraim (Joseph) and Caleb was from the tribe of Judah. They were the only two spies who brought back a good report regarding the land of Canaan. It is not by coincidence that these two men were from Ephraim (Joseph) and Judah. Nothing is a coincidence with God. There is a much deeper meaning.
In addition, we have Rehoboam and Jeroboam. Rehoboam was the son of King Solomon and his successor while Jeroboam was the founder of the northern kingdom of Israel. Rehoboam was of course from the tribe of Judah, and Jeroboam was from the tribe of Ephraim. Here we see again- Judah and Ephraim. Coincidence? I don’t believe so!
In Zechariah 6:9-13 we read about the “Branch” who is to come and the coming together of the “King” and “High Priest”.
Zechariah 6:9-13; “ And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Take of them of the captivity, even of Heldai, of Tobijah, and of Jedaiah, which are come from Babylon, and come thou the same day, and go into the house of Josiah the son of Zephaniah; Then take silver and gold, and make crowns, and set them upon the head of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest; And speak unto him, saying, Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, Behold the man whose name is The BRANCH; and he shall grow up out of his place, and he shall build the temple of the LORD: Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.” (KJV)
Most Bible scholars agree that this prophecy is speaking about Zerubbabel, governor of Israel, true heir to the throne of David, and Joshua the High Priest. While this is a truth, Bible scholars also understand that there is a deeper meaning to these scriptures and that is that they are giving a prophecy concerning Yeshua our coming King and High Priest.
In Psalms 110:4 we read that Yeshua is a king forever after the order of Melchizedek. This scripture is repeated regarding Him in the book of Hebrews (Chapter 7). Melchizedek was both priest and King, as will be Yeshua.
The High Priest, Joshua, who is mentioned in these scriptures and was indeed the High Priest at the time, was never a King on this earth. The scriptures here speak about the crowning of the High Priest. Never in the history of Israel has one man ever been both a High Priest and King of Israel. Priests and Kings came from two different tribes in unified Israel. The priests came from Levi and the Kings from Judah. Something much deeper is being spoken about in these passages.
These scriptures clearly speak about the Messiah who is the “Branch” and He will clearly be both High Priest and King of Israel in the future. This will be the first time that this has ever happened. Therefore, we have here a testimony, or sure Word of Prophecy, that TWO signs will take place, the TWO SIGNS are that the coming “Branch” will be both High Priest and King.
Yet, one could ask, how do we get two witnesses/anointed ones out of this?
In Zechariah 4:11-14 we are given some more prophecy concerning this same event - “Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof? And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these TWO olive branches which through the TWO golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves? And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord. Then said he, These are the TWO ANOINTED ONES, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.” (KJV) (Capitalization and boldness added by me)
The words “anointed ones” in Hebrew would be: “bane yitshar” meaning “sons of oil”. The further meaning would be that these are the two anointed “sons” that are being “pressed” to make oil or to bring forth light to the Menorah into which they are dripping. In Messianic understanding, the Menorah is represented in Yeshua who is the light of the earth, and further signifies the seven ways in which the Spirit of YHVH rests upon Him as He is manifested in the flesh throughout the earth. Read Isaiah 11:1-2.
(See my teaching on Yeshua in the Tabernacle - Part IV.
These two “sons of oil” relate/OR WITNESS to Messiah's holy ministry on earth and His righteous judgments on earth. They represent two sons of authority on earth. Zechariah said that these two sons “stand by the Lord of the whole earth”.
In Ezekiel 37:15-17, 24-27 we read:
"The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, Moreover, thou son of man, take thee one stick, and write upon it, For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions: then take another stick, and write upon it, For Joseph, the stick of Ephraim, and for all the house of Israel his companions: And join them one to another into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand. ….. And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. And they shall dwell in the land that I have given unto Jacob my servant, wherein your fathers have dwelt; and they shall dwell therein, even they, and their children, and their children's children for ever: and my servant David shall be their prince for ever. Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them; it shall be an everlasting covenant with them: and I will place them, and multiply them, and will set my sanctuary in the midst of them for evermore. My tabernacle also shall be with them: yea, I will be their God, and they shall be my people. And the heathen shall know that I the LORD do sanctify Israel, when my sanctuary shall be in the midst of them for evermore.”
This scripture speaks of the TWO sticks of Judah and Joseph/Ephraim becoming ONE, and having ONE King to rule over them forever. It also mentions that they will both be keeping Yahweh’s statutes and judgments (Torah) forever. Please understand that Ephraim and Joseph are the same thing.
These two witnesses, Judah and Ephraim, relate to the dual anointing of Yeshua as a King and as a High Priest, forever. This is showcased in our scripture passage in Zechariah chapter four. Zachariah saw two olive trees, one representing the King and the other the High Priest. Both of them were supplying the oil of anointing to a bowl. The anointed ones/witnesses were the ones being pressed to supply the oil to the bowl supplying the seven branched candlestick or menorah, the true symbol of Israel and representation of Yeshua and the seven spirits of Yahweh that were upon Him.
The pressed oil from the two sons of fresh oil gave life to the Menorah (Yeshua). They kept the light of Yeshua bright through their witness in all the earth.