The Exile/Exodus and the Revealing of the Jewish Messiah, Yeshua

Updated: Jan 26, 2021

In this study I will be examining a lot of material. It will be quite long. It is my prayer that each insight addressed in this article be prayed over and examined scripturally and historically so that each reader will verify that the contents are factual. We are each responsible for reading, praying, and studying the Word of God for ourselves. We should never take another human beings word for anything because we can be led astray. That, of course, is never my intent but judge for yourself after much of the above.

First, I need to begin by talking about the exile of the kingdom of Ephraim and the kingdom of Judah.

The prophet Jeremiah makes a statement in chapter 31:15:

A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation and bitter weeping, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted for her children, Because they are no more.

Jeremiah, by the voice of the LORD, is giving a prophecy here that the people of Israel, first the northern kingdom of Ephraim and then the southern kingdom of Judah, will be carried away into exile. The Assyrians carried away the northern kingdom and the Babylonians carried away the southern kingdom about 100/125 years later.

Rachel was the mother of Joseph and Benjamin. She died on the journey to Bethlehem and was buried near Ramah. Ramah was in the territory of the land allotment of Benjamin. The analogy here is that Rachel, from her grave, is mourning for her children, the Ephramites, or the northern kingdom that is being carried away to Assyria. She is mourning over the exile of her people. This exile brought about the death of many of her children from Joseph, Benjamin, and the children she claimed from her handmaiden, Bilhah. However, we find that in the book of Matthew he makes a statement declaring:

Then was fulfilled what was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet, saying: A voice was heard in Ramah, Lamentation, weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, Refusing to be comforted, Because they are no more. Matthew 2:17-18

We see here that the Apostle Matthew ties the prophecy of Jeremiah to the killing of the infants in and around Bethlehem, by Herod the Great, during the time of the childhood of Yeshua. Notice, that this is also when Joseph took the young Yeshua and his mother, Miriam, down into Egypt. Matthew states that this “fulfilled” the prophecy of Jeremiah.

How is this connected? Just as in Jeremiah when Rachel weeps for her children being carried away into Assyria, she is futuristically also mourning for the kingdom of Judah which will be carried away into Babylon, for the captives of Judah were rounded up and taken to Ramah, near her grave, before they were carried off to Babylon. Jeremiah 40:1 tells us this:

The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD after Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him bound in chains among all who were carried away captive from Jerusalem and Judah, who were carried away captive to Babylon.

What is happening here is that Matthew is showing that the killing of the infants by Herod, and the exiling of the young Messiah in Egypt, is foreshadowing that another exile is coming for Judah in the near future. The Messiah Yeshua follows prophetically in line with what is going to happen to Israel.

Here is another example. In Hosea 11:1 we read where the LORD refers to the calling out of His people from their exile in Egypt, or the exodus. Then in Matthew 2:15, again when we are told that the young Yeshua was taken to Egypt, we read:

and was there (in Egypt) until the death of Herod, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the LORD through the prophet, saying, 'Out of Egypt I called my Son'.

So, the parallel is that just as the Israelites went into exile in Egypt but were brought out, so Messiah is showing us that He too went into Egypt and was brought out, and that there is going to be another exile and a second exodus for Messiah's people in the future. Messiah walked through the prophecies of exile and redemption just as some of the prophets were told to give physical demonstrations before the people of the LORD's words.

We know from history that this second exile of Judah that Matthew mentioned did happen in 70 AD and then in completion during the time of Emperor Hadrian in 135 AD.

I pray that you see the connection that I have made in all of this: that Yeshua walked out the coming exile of His people, and His on exile – like Joseph, but He also walked out the coming future exodus. Now, if you continue reading in Hosea and Jeremiah surrounding all the scriptures above, you will find that there is much talk about exile and redemption, for both the northern and southern kingdoms.

If you read also Jeremiah chapters 16, 30, and 31 you will clearly see that a second, greater exodus is coming for Israel. Both kingdoms will be gathered from the north, south, east, and west, all over the world from where she has been scattered by the LORD for her sins. If you read Jeremiah chapter 3:16 you will see that in this second coming great exodus that there will be no more need for the ark of the covenant for the very presence of the LORD will be ruling and reigning with us, through His Messiah, king and priest, Yeshua.

Now, let's talk about Joseph. In Jewish literature the concept of a Messiah Son of Joseph and Messiah Son of David is discussed. The first time Yeshua came He came as Messiah Son of Joseph, and the second time He comes He will come as Messiah Son of David. The first time He came as a suffering servant and the second time He will come as a conquering king. When we look into scripture we will find many parallels between the life of Yeshua and the life of Joseph.

Joseph is rejected by his brothers and they throw him in a pit. From the pit he is sold into slavery in Egypt. Joseph goes into exile in Egypt. Note that it was Judah who had the idea to sell him into slavery (Genesis 37:26). Upon discovering what they had done, Reuben, the eldest son of Jacob, makes a statement upon discovering that they had sold him:

And he returned to this brothers and said, 'The lad is no more; and I, where shall I go?' Genesis 37:30

We can interpret this many ways but one interesting interpretation that a Rabbi brought out was that Reuben here spoke a prophecy. As the oldest sibling of the clan and thus the protector of the others, his statement indicated that just as Joseph had gone into slavery/exile by their own hands, likewise he and the other brothers would follow him into exile/slavery because of their sin against him. They followed it up by giving a bloody garment to Jacob to make him think his son was dead.

In Hebrew the grave (Sheol) is also referred to as a pit. Joseph was considered to be dead to the